Identify each of the following as primary, secondary, or a combination of both, and be prepared to explain why you label each source as you do:


1. Arrowhead dating from ca. 1700 A.D., discovered in 1967 in Riley County.


2. A book about the history of your town written by a long-time resident of the town (now living in a retirement home).


3. W.S. Allen, The Nazi Seizure of Power, 2nd edition, New York: Franklin Watts, 1984.


4. Interview with Willi Stoph, resident of Northeim in 1930s. Interview was conducted in 1960s but the interview concerns events in the 1930s.


5. Film about the Russian Revolution made in the USA in 1919 (shortly after the revolution).


6. Florence Horn Bryan, Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906): Champion of Women's Rights, Messner, 1947.


7. Article in this week's Collegian about the recent events in the former states of Yugoslovia.


8. The movie, "Home Alone II."

9. The movie, "Schindler's List."


10. Alex Haley, Roots, New York: Doubleday, 1976. (The story of an American Black family's history from African origins, through slavery and into the contemporary era.)


11. Thomas Childers, "The Social Language of Politics in Germany: The . . . Weimar Republic," American Historical Review 95 (1990): 331-358.


12. Eve Merriam (ed.), Growing Up Female in America: Ten Lives. New York: Dell, 1973.



True or False, and why?



1. Secondary sources are more reliable than primary sources because they are less biased.




2. Historians use primary sources because they are more objective.

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If you have any questions regarding primary or secondary sources, please contact Professor Gray, Diane Tuinstra, or the Hist100 listserv by email.