Dr. Laurie M. Johnson

Political Thought

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Ideologies: Their Origins and Impact
Dr. Laurie M. Johnson

Dr. Laurie M. Johnson, Professor
Waters Hall 243
Phone: (785) 532-0441 E-Mail: lauriej@ksu.edu


The study of ideologies makes clear the impact that ideas can and do have on the lives of millions of people around the world. Without an understanding of the major ideologies and their philosophical underpinnings, a student literally cannot understand nineteenth and twentieth century political history, nor can she or he fully understand current events. A study of ideologies should impress the student with the fact that ideas are often the most potent forces in the political world-- ideas as justifications and as unifying banners. This course will explore the ideologies themselves, but it will also explore the source of their appeal, and their practical impact on people's lives.

Please be aware that this course adheres strictly to the University Honor Code and Honor System. Any type of academic dishonesty, including plagiarism on any assignment, will be reported to the KSU honor system and will result in an "XF" for the course.

Please see http://www-personal.ksu.edu/~lauriej/courses/polsc821/plagiarism.html for a full treatment of what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.

Structure of Course:

For each unit, there are corresponding study guides. Fill in the study guides as you go along with your readings in the textbook and reader. Complete these guides by the due-dates indicated in each unit.

Study Guides: Unit 1: 10 points; Unit 2: 30 points; Unit 3: 30 points.

Midterm: 50 points

Study Guides: Unit 4: 30 points; Unit 5: 30 points; Unit 6, 20 points.

Final Exam: 50 points

Participation (message board): 50

Total: 300 points

Required Texts:

Terence Ball and Richard Dagger, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal, HarperCollins, (8th Edition).

Terence Ball and Richard Dagger, Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader, HarperCollins, (8th Edition).

Order of Readings :

1. The Democratic Ideal

Chapter 2, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal


From Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader :

Euripides, "Democracy and Despotism."

Pericles, "Funeral Oration."

Aristotle, "Democratic Judgment and the 'Middling' Constitution."

Machiavelli, "What's Wrong With Princely Rule," 29-32, reader.

John Adams, "What is a Republic?"

Alexis De Tocqueville, "Democracy and Equality"

John Stuart Mill, “Democratic Participation and Political Education”

Danielle Allen, "Democracy and the Power of Education"

2. Liberalism

Chapter 3, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal


From Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader:

Hobbes, "The State of Nature and the Basis of Obligation."

Locke, "Toleration and Government."

Declaration of Independence of the United States .

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens

John Stuart Mill, " Liberty and Individuality."

Martin Luther King, Jr. "Letter from Birmingham Jail." (From Part 8)

T.H. Green, "Liberalism and Positive Freedom"

Murray Rothbard, "Libertarian Anarchism."

Philip Selznick, “The Communitarian Persuasion”


3. Conservatism

Chapter 4, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal

From Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader:

Edmund Burke, "Society, Reverence, and the 'True Natural


Joseph De Maistre, "Conservatism as Reaction."

Jose Ortega y Gasset, "Revolt of the Masses."

Michael Oakeshott, "On Being Conservative."

Robert Bork, "Modern Liberalism and Cultural Decline."

Irving Kristol, “The Neoconservative Persuasion”

James Dobson, “Standing Strong in a Confused Culture”




4. Socialism and Communism

Chapters 5 & 6, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal

From Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader :

Robert Owen, "Address to the Inhabitants of New Lanark"

Eduard Bernstein, "Evolutionary Socialism."

Edward Bellamy, "Looking Backward"

V.I. Lenin, "Revisionism, Imperialism, and Revolution."

Mao Zedong, "On the People's Democratic Dictatorship."

Mikhail Bakunin, “Anarcho-Communism vs. Marxism”

5. Fascism

Chapter 7, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal

From Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader:

Joseph-Arthur de Gobineau, "Civilization and Race."

Alfredo Rocco, "The Political Theory of Fascism"

Mussolini, "The Doctrine of Fascism."

Hitler, "Nation and Race."


•  Islam and Radical Islam

Chapter 10, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal

From the Reader, Ideals and Ideologies :

Khomeini, “The Necessity for Islamic Government”

Abd al-Salam Faraj, "The Neglected Duty"

Osama bin Laden and Others, “Jihad Against the Jews and Crusaders”




Dep't of Political Science
Kansas State University
Primary Texts Certificate